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Humayun's Tomb

Location In New Delhi near Lodi Road
How to Reach Take an auto or cab or disembark at Central Secretariat Metro station
Timing All weeklong from Sunrise to Sunset.

Humayun's Tomb in DelhiHumayun's Tomb, considered the masterpiece of the Indo-Islamic culture, was built in the year 1565 by Haji Begum, the eldest widow of the Mogul emperor Humayun. This was built on the bank of the then river Yamuna. It is built on a large stone platform, typical of all the monuments of that era. The stone pedestal was surrounded on three sides by lush-green lawns. On the back of the structure was river Yamuna. Though the river has shifted its course in these years, one can still find the traces of marks left by the gurgling water.

The mausoleum was commissioned to one Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, who started the work in the year 1556. It is said that the total expenditure on the project was more than 1 million rupees at that time. This structure has been designed keeping in view the Iranian 'Charbhag'. This particular style was brought in India by Emperor Babur who greatly detested the existing indigenous style. Therefore the building has gardens and high walls on 3 sides which are further divided in to 36 equal areas with the help of fountains and canal.

The footpath which leads to the main structure is abruptly very long. This was a pioneer in design. You will have to cross not less than gardens and as many as two intimidating gateways before you reach your destination. This style was later applied in the building of Taj Mahal. In fact, there are many things in the Taj, which have been copied from this tomb, such as 'Charbagh' style and Crescent on the top of the dome. The surrounding garden is spread in not less than 350 square meters. This architecturally pioneer tomb is mainly built of red sandstone and red and white marble. It has a series of cells with arched openings.

The center of the hall, which is octagonal in shape typical of Mogul architecture, stands the Cenotaph of Humayun. It is surrounded by smaller octagonal halls on alternate corners. It also has arched lobbies on the sides. But it is a closed structure secluded through Jaalis. There is an arch on every side. The central arch is the highest among them. All the floors of the Humayun's tomb have uniform design. The top floor has a 42 meters high double dome with marble and cenotaphs around it. This architectural design used, known as 'Hasht Bahisht' (Eight circles of Paradise), is first in the sub-continent.