The Purana Quila or Red Fort is located east of India Gate and is one of the major tourist attractions in Delhi. The city called, Dinapanah was built by Mogul emperor Humayun in the year 1534. Old Fort is the innermost structure in this city. The name 'Dinapanah' in Urdu means 'Refugee of the Faithful' and that is what Humayun intended to build. He, himself a scholar par excellence, wanted this city to be abode for scholars and artists. Sadly he himself wasn't able to keep control on his fortune and was defeated and driven away by Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan governor of Bihar in the year 1540. Sher Shah Suri renamed the city Shershahi or Shergarh and built many buildings in it. However In 1555, Humayun was successful in recapturing the city. He lived in Purana Quila itself till he died, falling from the Library Staircase.
Old Fort is a not a good fort in terms of ornamentation but is superb
if you take it as a Garrison. The ramparts of this fort are very high
and seem invincible. The high raised, massive walls of this fort are as
high as 20 meters at places. The circumference of this fort is said to
around 2.5 to 3 kilometers. Another very interesting feature which you
will find in this fort is spy holes in its intimidating walls. This was
the first time it was used in India and was copied in every other
monument built after The Old Fort. These spy holes in the walls now act
as the abode for migratory bird flocking to the lake underneath the Old
Old Fort does not have a complex of palaces, administrative or
recreational buildings and that is what makes this fort abnormal and
unique. The fort has gateways on 3 sides and a lake on the fourth side.
In the North is Talaqi Darwaza. This gate was decorated with colored
tiles and said to be build by Humayun. In the south is Humayun Darwaza,
built by Sher Shah Suri and in the west is Bara Darwaza which is used
today by the tourists and officials to enter the fort. All of the
gateways are built of sand-stone and are double storied. It is beneath
this gate that the 'Light and Sound' show is organized, every evening.
It is a must watch program as it will take you to the historical
expedition of Delhi and will leave you mesmerized.
|Location||In New Delhi near Zoological Garden|
|How to Reach||Take an auto or hire a cab or disembark at Praghati Maidan Metro Station|
|Attractions||Gateways and 'Light and Sound' show|
|Timing||Anytime, weeklong but 'Light and Sound' in evening only.|